The RNC Mounted Unit
The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary is Newfoundland and Labrador's Provincial Police Service; we have enjoyed a long and proud history which dates back to 1729. The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary Mounted Unit has been and continues to be a significant part of that history.
The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary Mounted Unit was founded in 1873 and began with seven horses and seven riders. It increased to as many as ten over the next 21 years.
In 1922, the Mounted Unit was reorganized as a branch of the Constabulary. It continued as an important part of the Constabulary until 1951 when it was disbanded and the horses sold. At that time, there was no likelihood the Mounted Unit would ever be reorganized. The last 4 mounted police officers were: Cyril Leaman, Harvey Moores, W. Yetman and Vince Noonan.
In more recent years, police services throughout the world have instituted their own mounted divisions, as it is recognized that mounted police officers have no equal when it comes to crowd control and public relations.
Prior to 2003, Honorary Inspector William A. Bradley had provided a voluntary mounted unit for the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary. With his continuing support and through the efforts of Inspector Sean Ryan, as well as community and corporate financial assistance, the Mounted Unit of the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary was re-established as of November 17, 2003.
Honorary Inspector William Bradley donated two horses to the unit, Vince and Townshend.
On November 2, 2007, His Honour, The Honourable Edward Roberts, ONL, QC, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador, Chief of Police Joseph F. Browne, the Minister of Justice and Attorney General Jerome Kennedy, officially opened a stable on Historic Government House Grounds as the new home of the RNC Mounted Unit.
On October 20, 2014 Vince retired from the RNC Mounted Unit. Vince will remain in Newfoundland and Labrador; his new home is in South River, Conception Bay. Vince was named after Sgt. Vince Noonan, a Mounted police officer with the RNC in the 1950s.
On September 8, 2015 the RNC welcomed its newest Mount - Dr. Rich. His Honour, The Honourable Frank F. Fagan, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland & Labrador and Her Honour, Mrs. Patricia Fagan donated Dr. Rich to the RNC Mounted Unit, in honour of their son the late Dr. Richard Fagan.
In addition to Dr. Rich, the RNC has three other horses:
Townshend was named after Fort Townshend, the base operation of the original Mounted Unit, which is home to the RNC’s Provincial Headquarters today. Townshend was donated to the RNC by Honorary Inspector William Bradley.
Fraize was named after the late Detective Sgt. Tom Fraize, the first president of the RNC Association and founding president of the RNC Veterans' Association. Fraize was donated to the RNC through funds raised by the RNC Veterans’ Association and the RNC Association.
Dobbin was donated to the RNC by Mrs. Elaine Dobbin in memory of her late husband, Craig L. Dobbin.
All members of this unit receive their training in partnership with the Toronto Police Mounted Division. Key areas of this comprehensive training included: crowd control and troop movements, formation riding, sensory training and policing from horseback. It takes anywhere from six months to one year to train these horses. Everyday thereafter, officers continue to provide training for the horses.
The horses in this unit are of a Percheron breed. The Percheron breed is one of the largest breeds of Draft horses. When they raise their heads high, they can stand over ten feet tall and weigh in excess of 2,000 pounds.
The breed originated in the region of Le Perch, France, over 1,000 years ago, where they were used to carry knights and kings. As work horses, they are very willing partners, affectionate and trusting.
These horses will retire from the Mounted Unit when they reach approximately 18-22 years of age.
While the horses hear the commands, this is not what they respond to. They respond to a subtle squeeze of their rider's legs, to the shift in weight distribution in the saddle, and to the contact with the reins.
In addition to conducting patrols and special duties in the Northeast Avalon Region and the Corner Brook Region, the Mounted Unit also plays an integral role in the RNC Public Order Unit (POU) and Search and Rescue.